What is the Relationship Between Amino Acids and Proteins?

Lucy Bell-Young

17th November 2021

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3D illustration of amino acid

Amino acids and proteins have an integral relationship. Amino acids are traditionally defined as the fundamental building blocks of proteins, forming peptide bonds to build various types of them.  This linear structure is called the primary structure of proteins, and usually forms α-helices and β-structures as their secondary structures. In turn, they can… Continue reading »

What Are Amino Acids?

Lucy Bell-Young

10th November 2021

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Person holding a blue rectangle with the words 'amino acids' printed on it

Amino acids are organic or carbon-based compounds that have two functional groups: an amino group and a carboxylate group.  The amino group is slightly basic, while the carboxylate group is acidic. See the illustration below for an example. The R group or side chain mainly determines the amino acid’s chemical and physical properties.… Continue reading »

How is Glucose Used for Energy?

Lucy Bell-Young

3rd November 2021

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Microscopic glucose molecule in blood

Energy is derived from glucose when it’s converted into pyruvate through a series of complex chemical reactions known as aerobic cellular respiration. It’s a three-step process that includes glycolysis, Krebs cycle, and electron transport. Glucose is one of the simplest monosaccharide (or single) sugars. This is because it’s a fundamental unit of other… Continue reading »

What Are the Different Types of Sugar?

Lucy Bell-Young

27th October 2021

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Seven teaspoons in a line with different types of sugar

Sugars are a type of carbohydrate, which means they contain carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen. They’re soluble in water and, of course, sweet-tasting. Various types of sugar are found in our daily diet, from the table sugar we use in our morning brew to the sugar in fruits and chocolate we like to snack… Continue reading »

Why Are Vitamins and Minerals Important in Our Diet?

Lucy Bell-Young

20th October 2021

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Various fruits and veg in heart shaped bowls on table

We need vitamins and minerals for various purposes. They are essential micronutrients that act as coenzymes, cofactors, macromolecule components, electrolytes, and structural components of tissues such as bones. Micronutrients help control the breakdown of nutrients and the precise release of energy by our cells for various metabolic processes. The human body can synthesise… Continue reading »

What Do Minerals Do For the Body?

Lucy Bell-Young

13th October 2021

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Circle of different minerals and their food sources

Minerals are inorganic substances that are typically found in food. They’re mainly used by the body as cofactors and as electrolytes. Some have an important role in maintaining our bones and teeth, while others are essential in carrying vital substances throughout the body. Iron, for instance, is the central atom of haemoglobin that… Continue reading »

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